Determine gestational age

Assess foetal viability

Vaginal Bleeding / threatened Miscarriage

Pelvic pain

Exclude ectopic pregnancy


LIMITATIONS: Large patient size can make the examination more difficult.

PREPARATION: A full bladder is needed. A simple way to achieve this is to empty your bladder two hours prior to the examination, then over the next hour drink approximately 1 litre of water and do not empty your bladder before your appointment. After initial scanning, you will be able to empty your bladder before transvaginal scanning is performed (if needed). 


SCAN PROCEDURE: You may change into a patient gown or adjust your clothing to allow access to the surface of your pelvis for scanning. You will lie on a scanning bed during your procedure, which will take approximately 20 minutes. Ultrasound jelly will be placed on your skin to allow transmission of ultrasound waves from a hand held probe which is moved over your lower abdomen. This will usually be followed by a transvaginal scan, however it is not always needed. This will be discussed with you at the time of the examination. The procedure does not cause any discomfort or pain.


POST PROCEDURE: There are no post procedure precautions.


RESULTS: The images obtained by the sonographer will be analysed and interpreted by the Radiologist.

Your procedure report will be sent electronically to your referring doctor. Please inform us of when you plan to follow up with your doctor so that your report can be prioritised. A hyperlink will be added to the report that will allow your doctor to access your images.

We provide long term electronic storage of your report and images, so you may obtain a copy either on the day of the scan or in the future.