Assess kidneys

Flank pain

Blood in urine

Follow-up of previously identified abnormality

Classification of a mass

Assess bladder emptying, infection and structure

Prostate enlargement or difficulty passing urine


LIMITATIONS/RESTRICTIONS: All but the very start and end of the ureter is generally not visible. Ultrasound assesses prostate size but does not assess for prostate cancer.


PREPARATION: A full bladder is required to adequately assess the bladder wall. We find that a simple way to achieve this is to empty your bladder two hours prior to the examination, then over the next hour drink approximately 1 litre of water and do not empty your bladder before your appointment. After initial scanning, you will be able to empty your bladder part way through the scan.


SCAN PROCEDURE: You may need to change into a gown or adjust your clothing to allow access to the area to be scanned.  You will lie on a scanning bed during your procedure, which will take 20 to 30 minutes. The technician (sonographer) will ask you to move around and hold your breath at times to obtain the appropriate images. Ultrasound jelly will be placed on your skin to allow transmission of ultrasound waves from a hand held probe which is moved over your renal area. The procedure does not cause any discomfort or pain.


POST PROCEDURE: There are no post procedure precautions.


RESULTS: The images obtained by the sonographer will be analysed and interpreted by the Radiologist.

 Your procedure report will be sent electronically to your referring doctor. Please inform us of when you plan to follow up with your doctor so that your report can be prioritised. A hyperlink will be added to the report that will allow your doctor to access your images.

We provide long term electronic storage of your report and images, so you may obtain a copy either on the day of the scan or in the future.